This morning in prayer I was reflecting on the anointing of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus. In prayer read these lines from Psalm 45 “You are the fairest of the children of men and graciousness of poured upon your lips: because God has blessed you for evermore…Therefore God, your God has anointed you with the oil of gladness above others kings: your robes are fragrant with aloe and myrrh.” These word point to Jesus who was anointed with the oil of gladness.
In the first book of Samuel (16:1-13) we read ” I myself will will tell you what to do; you are to anoint the one I point out to you…Jesse sent and had the young man brought to them. He was ruddy, a youth handsome to behold and making a splendid appearance. The Lord said, ‘There-anoint him, for this is he! Then Samuel, with the horn of oil on hand, anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and from that day on, the spirit of the Lord rushed upon David.” David is anointed as king. Jesus is the new David who receives the fullness of the Kingly anointing.
In the Liturgy of the Hours we have this reading for this Sunday. From a ‘treatise on the Trinity by Faustus Luciferanus, priest’ we read “Our savior received a bodily anointing and so became a true king and a true priest…There is therefore , a savior in the flesh who is both a king and a priest, though his anointing was not physical but spiritual…Those who had been anointed with the oil of kingship or priesthood, although they received only one of these anointing, were called messiahs. Our Savior, however, who is the Christ, was anointed by the Holy Spirit so that the passage in Scripture might be fulfilled: God your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness and raised you above your companions. The difference, then, between the one Christ and the many christs is in the anointing, since he was anointed with the oil of gladness, which signifies nothing other than the Holy Spirit.
This we know to be true from the Savior himself. When he took the book of Isaiah, he opened it and read: The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because he has anointed me….Peter, now the prince of the apostles, also taught that the chrism which made the Savior a christ was the Holy Spirit; that is to say the power of God. When in the Acts of the Apostles Peter spoke to that faithful and merciful man, the centurion, he said among other things: after the baptism which John preached, Jesus of Nazareth, whom God anointed with the Holy Spirit and with power, started out in Galilee and traveled about performing powerful miracles, and freeing all who were possessed by the devil.
So you see that Peter too said that Jesus in his humanity was anointed with the Holy Spirit and with power. Thus Jesus in his Humanity truly became the Christ. By the anointing of the Holy Spirit, he was made both king and priest for ever.”